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Peloponnese 19 – 26 April 2016

Traditional, rural Greece

Three fingers of the Peloponnese, pointing south towards Crete, form the distinctive shape of Greece’s southern tip. Already culturally and ecologically different from mainland Greece, this was reinforced when, in 1893, the Corinth Canal was cut through and the peninsula effectively became an island.

Bridges mean access is straightforward, but the separation is reflected in the wildlife community – such as Peloponnese cyclamen and two endemic lizards – and in everyday life. In today’s increasingly urban Greece, here is an area where links to the land, small communities and a slow pace of life persist – Greece as it used to be. Donkeys used as working animals remain a common sight. The region has its own language, still spoken by older residents.

We’re based in the Tyros-Livadi area on the coast of Arcadia, facing east into the Aegean Sea. Tyros is a small village with a long sea front and a fishing harbour. It is not on the main tourist trail; the majority of visitors are Greek. We stay in holiday apartments at nearby Livadi, a quiet coastal village with a friendly taverna for our evening meals.

With a coast running north-south, it’s well placed for migrant birds. Some drop in to refuel on the brackish lake at Moustos and on the intertidal flats near Nafplio – the latter an unusual habitat in the scarcely tidal Mediterranean.

Breeding birds are a fairly typical southern European mix: short-toed eagle, woodchat shrike, Sardinian and subalpine warbler, for example. Rock nuthatches pop up in villages and historical sites, such as Mycenae.

Carob, citrus, fig and Judas trees emphasise the Mediterranean feel. Spring wild flowers are a rich, colourful mix including purple vipers bugloss, orchids and the local endemic Parnon alkanet.

Uncovering more about the Peloponnese is why we’re going: Honeyguide is following a Honeyguider. Sue Davy moved here in 2006 and has a passion for the area’s wildlife and way of life. She likes to share it with us – and glean information from the combined wildlife expertise of a Honeyguide group and leaders.

swallowtail scarce swallowtail southern swallowtail
There are three species of swallowtail butterflies in the Peloponnese. From the left: swallowtail, scarce swallowtail and southern swallowtail (Phil Brew).

Trees and shrubs

In Greece, Syrian juniper is confined to this area. Other conifers are Aleppo and black pines and Grecian fir. Both species of strawberry trees occur, sometimes growing side by side. Kermes oak, lentisc, Jerusalem sage and various cistuses are common shrubs. Hillsides have evergreen maples and wild olives; we expect to find almond leaved-pear and Valonia oak. Around villages chaste tree is common, as is the pretty but invasive lantana.


Spring flowers could include peacock and crown anemones, tulips Tulipa orphanidea and Tulipa goulimyi, Cyclamen peloponnesiacum, widow iris, Gaegea graeca, four-spotted and few-flowered orchids, grape hyacinth species, Fritillaria messanensis and old friends like crown daisies and pitch trefoil.

star clovertrapdoor spiderTulipa goulimyi
Photos from our holiday in April 2013, all by Honeyguider Phil Brew. More of Phil's photos here.

Reptiles and mammals

The area boasts two endemic lizards. Greek rock lizards – distinctively unstriped – and chunky Peloponnese wall lizards are found nowhere else. That’s if the books are right: we wonder as nature guides show no wild boar here, but in chestnut forest we have found clear evidence from rootings, backed up by locals’ reports. Golden jackal occurs but is tricky to see: mammals more likely to be seen include stone marten and eastern hedgehog. Other reptiles include geckos, Balkan green lizard and marginated tortoise.


Those noted above plus little bittern, slender-billed gull, buzzard, black-winged stilt, rock partridge, red-rumped swallow, blue rock thrush, crested lark, sombre tit, firecrest and cirl bunting.

Other wildlife

Spring butterflies include southern swallowtail, Cleopatra, false Apollo, swallowtail, scarce swallowtail, southern festoon, southern comma and southern white admiral. The supporting cast includes Egyptian locust and violet carpenter bee.

Holiday details

Local walks and minibus trips, coastal and into the hills, all within the eastern part of the Peloponnese peninsula.

Price: £1,430 per person in twin room for a full week (Tuesday to Tuesday).

Single room supplement: £150

En suite facilities

Flights: Scheduled British Airways flights London Heathrow – Athens.
(The easyJet flight from London Gatwick is an afternoon flight, which doesn't work for the transfer to the Peloponnese.)

Deposit: £300

Maximum number (two leaders): 14


Robin Hamilton has a wide knowledge of western and central Europe and its wildlife, especially birds. He worked for many years for English Nature.

Rachel Hamilton spent her working life teaching natural history and conservation with the Field Studies Council and at Otley College in Suffolk. She is an enthusiastic all round naturalist, though her first interest is botany. Robin and Rachel, both of whom are experienced wildlife leaders and keen linguists, are regular leaders in France.

Conservation project

Staff from the Management Body of Mount Parnon & Moustos Wetland* record biodiversity in the protected area. Especially for mammals, such as jackals and otters, the recording is quite challenging, since they avoid human contact or even human presence indicated by human odour.

Honeyguide has funded five cameras to be positioned in suitable places, e.g. animal runways, on which filming is triggered by motion detected by an infra-red beam.

More on our links with Management Body of Mount Parnon & Moustos Wetland here, including results from the motion sensor cameras.


* In 2018, the geographical remit for this body was made much bigger, hence the new name including Mainalon and Monemvasia.

Aerial view of Moustos Wetland.

Map of Peloponnese
For prices, see Holiday Details at the bottom of the page.

travel aware logo

FCO travel advice for Greece here.

Holiday reports

Holiday report from 2016 here.

Holiday report from 2013 here

The report from April-May 2012 was in two parts: Peloponnese 2012 and Peloponnese plant record 2012

Peloponnese (Greece) recce, November. This shows the potential in autumn, for which we're considering a holiday in the future.

woodchat shrike

Woodchat shrike (Steve Fletcher)

Honeyguide web pages

Peloponnese in January.

Below: Greek rock lizard (L) and Peloponnese wall lizard (R). Photo-feature on the two lizards here.

Greek rock lizard (L) and Peloponnese wall lizard (R)

Peloponnese movies

Movies from April-May 2012:

Southern Comma

southern comma,

Southern Swallowtail

southern swallowtail


red-rumped swallow.


The Honeyguide group in spring 2012 is on YouTube here. Look out for familiar faces.

Corinth canal; Aegean coast; spring flowers.

Corinth canal; Aegean coast; spring flowers.

rock nuthatch

The archaeological site of Mycenae is a good place to see rock nuthatch (Phil Brew).

Peloponnese cyclamen

Peloponnese cyclamen

Eastern strawberry tree

Eastern strawberry tree, photographed in autumn

Robin and Rachel Hamilton

Robin and Rachel Hamilton

Mount Parnon plant guide

Our group in April 2016 was shown the just published Plant Guide to Mount Parnon and Moustos Wetland Protected Area. It's a compact hardback, beautifully illustrated with many excellent photos.

Honeyguider Sue Davy had a hand in the book, proofreading the English version.

Amazingly, you can download the whole book here - but beware, it's a 380MB download. Or borrow the book from the Honeyguide office.

Fancy walking in the Peloponnese? Try our friend Wendy Copage and Greece on Foot.

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... where there are many holiday photos to enjoy.

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