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The Glanville fritillary

Glanville fritillaries have fascinated me since I read in the Mitchell Beazley pocket guide that the species is named after Mrs Eleanor Glanville, a butterfly enthusiast of the late 17th/early 18th century "whose Will was contested on the grounds that nobody of sound mind would have such a hobby!" Read more about this here on Wikipedia.

It may strike as odd that the name fritillary is used for both a group of butterflies and a plant. 'Fritillary' means chequered, which explains the shared name and why there isn't a 'chequered fritillary' as that would be a tautology, like 'reverse back.' But enough of the etymology of this branch of entomology.Glanville fritillary
The dots in the last but one row of cells on the hind wing are the best ID feature, and can even be seen on the underside photo below.

Eleanor Glanville found them in Lincolnshire, but in the UK they are now restricted mainly to the southern part of the Isle of Wight, plus some in coastal Dorset.

Plantains, especially the abundant ribwort plantain, are the larval foodplant, so will they spread north as the climate changes?

Glanville fritllary underside

Glanville fritillaries are widespread in central Europe, and these were photographed in the Dordogne.

Chris Durdin, January 2009, last updated June 2013.

Back to nature notes

Iberian fritillary

Iberian fritillary photographed in Extremadura. Curiously, this species of fritillary flower is less chequered than most.

Links

More information on Glanville fritillaries from Butterfly Conservation here.

Lady of the Butterflies

... is a fictionalised story of Lady Eleanor Glanville's life. Read more here.

To buy this book, the best deal online was on Amazon (October 2009).

 

Glanville fritillary model

I have failed to find Glanville fritillaries on the Isle of Wight on three family holidays, but that's down to timing: August is too late by about six weeks. So instead this, above, is a rather fine model at the Blackgang Chine amusement park.

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