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Valencia 25 February - 2 March 2016

Winter birdwatching in eastern Spain

Spain is always an appealing destination and Valencia is an undiscovered region for Honeyguiders and British naturalists in general. This winter birdwatching break – in some warm Mediterranean weather, we hope – leans on the local knowledge of Honeyguide’s La Mancha leader, Pau Lucio. Pau lives near Valencia and that local knowledge is key to visiting the protected areas and wildlife hotspots of marshes, mountains and steppes among the developed coast and intensive arable elsewhere.

Paddy fields, a huge 14,000 hectares, are the third largest wetland in Spain. Flooded in winter, we arrive just after the end of the shooting season as the area begins to dry. In late February and early March there are just few fields with water that can be packed with birds. Last year sightings included flocks of more than 2,000 greater flamingos, 1,400 black-tailed godwits, some 400 glossy ibises and hundreds of ruffs and golden plovers. There are wintering marsh harriers and booted eagles.

Glossy ibises
Glossy ibises (Steve Fletcher)

Waders may also be at the salt pans of Santa Pola, which are especially good for gulls: slender-billed, Audouin’s and Mediterranean gulls can be here. Osprey, spoonbill and great white egret are also frequent species during winter.

Elsewhere, the Mediterranean shore gives an opportunity to look for seabirds, especially Balearic and Levantine shearwaters and Sandwich terns. Along the shore, sanderlings, little stints and grey plovers are usually seen and on the dunes there is a good range of specialist plants.

The Natural Park of El Fondo is a man-made reservoir with some 70 breeding pairs of white-headed ducks, a few red-knobbed coots and it is probably the best place in Europe for watching marbled ducks. Another interesting species is the rare greater spotted eagle. This eastern European species is now a regular wintering bird in this part of coastal Spain. There aren’t many of them and the chances of seeing one are probably less than 50:50, but there’s no better area to search.

A fourth wetland type, with reedbeds, is Pego Marshes. This is one of the many small wetlands spread along the Mediterranean coast that play a vital role for many migrants as re-fuelling places. From mid-February to June, a ringing group carries out an intensive ringing project to study the effect of climate change on resident and migrant warblers. We will attend a ringing session where we hope to see one of the resident moustached warblers and wintering species such as reed bunting, penduline tit, bluethroat, kingfisher or Cetti’s warbler.

Pego Marshes
Pego Marshes

Away from the coast there is a variety of varied habitats, including botanical reserves, cork oak and the gorge of the Monnegre River. This is a moon-like landscape with birds such as black wheatear, rock bunting, black redstart, crag martins, blue rock thrush and maybe early breeders such as red-rumped swallow. At the end of the gorge there is an impressive crag recently occupied by a colony of griffon vultures.

A key area is the steppes of East Albacete, a Special Protection Area with traditional farming. Here some of the birds we expect to see are lesser short-toed, calandra and Thekla larks, stone-curlew, great and little bustards, corn bunting, rock sparrow, black-bellied and pin-tailed sandgrouse, red kite and little owl. Temporary lagoons scattered among the steppes have wildfowl, such as white-headed duck, black-necked grebes and red-crested pochards.

Our base is the rural Hotel Font Salada, set in orange groves near the Pego Marshes Natural Park and just one kilometre from the coast.


Spring comes early to coastal Spain, and we expect to see early migrants such as swallows, martins and passage waders. Scrub has Dartford and Sardinian warblers. Elsewhere we hope to see red-billed chough, crested tit, short-toed treecreeper and firecrest.

Other wildlife

We hope for warm weather to bring out a few early butterflies such as western dappled white, clouded yellow and Lang’s short-tailed blue. As on any Honeyguide holiday we will take a keen interest in early flowers and other wildlife. There’s unusual violet sea-lavender Limonium virgatum and a chance of early orchids.


As well as the places noted above, there are salt pans at Calpe and the foothills of the Monduver mountain, which has resident Bonelli’s eagles and a wintering population of alpine accentors. Our itinerary includes Gandia’s port where shearwaters and gannets follow fishing boats, and a wine-tasting co-operative.

Conservation project

Our leader Pau’s ringing group Grupo de Anillamiento Pit-Roig runs bird ringing stations in Valencia.

The group is studying the survival rate and dispersion of moustached warbler. Data loggers placed on Savi’s and reed warblers are tracking their migratory movements, provided they can be trapped again and the data downloaded. Support pays for nets and other ringing equipment.

Recent highlights in the group's work are described in our La Mancha holiday report from October 2014.

Holiday details

Price: £990 per person in twin room for a six nights (Thursday to Wednesday)

Single room supplement: £100

En suite facilities

Flights: Scheduled easyJet flights Gatwick to Valencia.

Deposit: £300

Maximum number (two leaders): 14


Pau Lucio lives near Valencia and runs a wildlife tour company Birdwatching Spain. Pau is involved in conservation projects on bird migration and the importance of Spanish coastal wetlands for species such as the moustached and Savi’s warblers. Pau has collaborated with SEO/Birdlife and spent nine months at the Wildfowl & Wetlands Trust at Slimbridge. He also works at a nature reserve where he guides visitors through the forest and marshes.

Chris Durdin is the driving force behind Honeyguide, running holidays since 1991. For many years he combined this with his work for the RSPB in Eastern England, often the Society’s spokesman, but has been concentrating on Honeyguide full-time since 2009. Chris is the co-author of a book about Norfolk’s cranes. He’s also a qualified soccer coach, for one son’s under 13 year group. As a naturalist, Chris is an all rounder.

Valencia map

For prices, see Holiday Details at the bottom of the page.

Holiday report

Holiday report from February-March 2016 here.

Holiday report from La Mancha (with Pau and Chris) October 2014 here.

alpine accentor

Alpine accentor (Steve Fletcher)

steppes of Albacete

Steppes of Albacete

blue rock thrush

Blue rock thrush (Steve Fletcher)

Useful links

Flowers of Valencia: photoset from the Valencia holiday in February-March 2016 on Facebook.

Iberian orchids

slender-billed gulls

Slender-billed gulls (these from our Tarifa holiday)

Pego Marshes

Pego Marshes - paddy fields

great bustards

Great bustards on East Albacete's steppes


Sierra de Crevillente - an area for eagles

Balearic shearwaters

Balearic shearwaters off the coast of Valencia, Spain, 19 December 2014

western dappled white

Western dappled white


white-headed duckling
Pau Lucio writes:

"El Fondo [in Valencia region] has always been one of the best places in Europe to watch the threatened white-headed duck. The last census shows an increase of the population to more than 70 pairs thanks among other things to water and habitat management and the eradication of ruddy ducks. The breeding season is going well with good numbers of ducklings (photo, above).

"In addition, last April there were 24 marbled teals released into the reserve, five of them with GPS transmitters. The aim is to know more about their wintering movements and the survival rate of birds from the captive breeding programme."

Holiday leaders


Pau Lucio

Pau Lucio

Chris Durdin

Chris Durdin in Extremadura, February 2015 (Howard Bayliss).

Photos on this page by Pau Lucio or Chris Durdin unless otherwise noted.

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